A well-shaped facial contour and ratio play important roles in providing beautiful facial features; they also are unignorable components of a perfect facial sculpture. However, in Asians, prominent cheekbones and wide jaws are common facial characteristics, which may reduce the visual sense brought by facial features (such as the eyes and nose) or make the temples and cheeks look more sunken; even worse, in some cases, these characteristics may lead to the loss of feminine features because of a severe square-shaped face, which cannot be alternatively improved by other plastic surgeries. Accordingly, patients with a big or wide face need to consider facial bone reduction or other relevant bone reduction procedures to achieve a well-proportioned oval or slim face.
In medicine, there are several important reference points for a standard facial ratio that must be considered before facial bone changes. Based on his experience and observation of bone reduction surgeries, Dr. Chuang found that the frontal face width is mainly determined by zygomatic prominence/arches on the outer margin of both cheeks; patients with too high or too wide cheekbones can only choose zygomatic arch and body reduction surgery to fix their wide face, even though the cheekbones remain slightly wider than the jaws. The inferior mandibular bone/angle determines how slim the low face is and the shape of side view. If the mandibular bone is too wide or angular, differential diagnosis between the masseter muscle and mandibular bone hypertrophy should be made. Based on the underlying cause, patients may choose non-surgical injection of botulinum toxin to make their face look smaller temporarily or directly undergo mandibular bone reduction to fix their square-shaped faces. Several patients may choose to undergo combined reduction of zygomatic and mandibular bones to obtain an oval and slim narrow face. Dr. Chuang currently provides the most advanced 3D simulated imaging system for facial bone reduction to help patients understand the possible results in advance and increase the accuracy of and satisfaction with the surgery.
Besides the width of the zygomatic and mandibular bones, the length of the chin also has important effects on the proportion of the entire face. Usually, the standard distance from the end point of the chin to the lower lip should be longer than the length of the philtrum (the distance from the nose columella to the upper lip bead); the ratio of these distances in Asians is approximately 1.5:1. In the lateral profile, the golden ratio is when the nose supratip, anterior lower lip (or upper lip) margin, and the most prominent point of the chin are on the same line and when the jaw line presents a 45° angle (the line from the chin point through the mandibular bone to the earlobe). From the analysis of the above-mentioned reference points, the zygomatic bones, mandibular bone, and chin play very important roles in facial contour. If these three parts are greatly different in proportion or any part is more developed and prominent, it may be difficult to modify or correct facial bone defects by any simple blepharoplasty or rhinoplasty and patients may seriously consider undergoing facial bone or chin remodeling surgery. However, different from the obviously square-face features of Koreans, local patients’ faces are mostly flat and wide with a depressed mid-face and a short, fat, and retracted chin. Therefore, the mere pursuit of the golden ratio will make the face look artificial or unnatural, sometimes even too long or too pointed. Dr. Chuang suggests that moderate bone reduction consistent with the facial features of each patient is sufficient; if some deficiencies still persist, other facial plastic surgeries may be performed to achieve a natural look and avoid unnecessary complications and risks.
After being popular in Korea, facial bone reduction has been performed using a similar protocol and has already become a mature and common plastic surgery option. Surgical results depend on preoperative risk evaluation, operative accuracy and precision, complication avoidance, and most importantly, co-ordination of the entire facial ratio. Dr. Chuang went to Korea to study the skills of bone reduction in many clinics and hospitals. In combination with his unique esthetic sense and dedicated operation, Dr. Chuang may not only precisely control the ratio between the facial contour and facial features but also flexibly perform multi-site facial bone reconstructions on the basis of the individual conditions and requirements of each patient so that both single bone reduction and multiple bone reduction can be performed in accordance with the same esthetic standards. In addition, Dr. Chuang has abundant experience in various facial plastic surgeries and may perform integrated surgeries at one time, such as bone reduction, nose reshaping, chin augmentation, face lift, and facial implant placement. He always emphasizes “one-stop” overall facial bone reduction to properly complete complex facelift surgeries at one time. This strategy may reduce patients’ suffering from the recovery of several procedures, decrease the risk associated with anesthesia, avoid esthetic conflicts and revision possibility due to the procedures being performed using different skills and concepts of surgeons, and greatly diminish patients’ anxiety and uncertainty during the entire face changing period. Dr. Chuang may completely analyze and explain the potential sequelae and risks before surgery to patients to let them choose the most suitable surgery on the basis of their own requirements, thus avoiding the possibility of secondary re-repair or revision.
Dr. Chuang always upholds that the goal of facial bone surgery is not focusing only on the size and thickness of the bone or performing the procedures depending only on computer-simulated images; doing so may make the face rigid or stiff. The key to successful bone reduction for making people beautiful is to carefully listen to the thoughts of patients, take into account the standard ratio between facial features and bone shape, and perform operations that are most suitable for the requirements and characteristics of each patient. The various advanced facial bone surgeries currently provided by Wish clinic can truly make the dream of changing one’s face come true. Dr. Chuang believes that as long as patients can truly understand these procedures before surgery and choose the appropriate surgical option, every one may confidently move toward achieving the goal of a perfect face.
Use of the best surgical tools and fixation screws/plates can secure the result of cheekbone reduction.